The Memorial Day Massacre of 1937 took place in Chicago during the “Little Steel Strike”. Police bullets killed 10 steel workers and injured 105. Workers were on strike against Republic Steel, who did not want to grant them union recognition. A peaceful protest was organized at 112th and Green Bay Avenue in front of the Republic main gate. When the group arrived, a 300 foot wide line of police officers met them. What happened next is unknown, but the police opened fire on the crowd. As the police moved forward, they began to club and beat people to the ground.
A sculpture, created by former Republic Steel employee Ed Blazak, is sited on the original property near Burley Avenue. Its ten steel pipes represent the smoke stacks of the ten steel mills within the area (now closed) but also the lives of the slain ten demonstrators.